The Prophet Muhammad is the founder of Islam. Though Sunni and Shi’a disagree on how Muhammad’s revelation occurred, one of the most interesting things about his teachings was that it was explicitly against polytheism in a polytheistic society. Not only that, but his teachings tended to address socio-economic issues as well.


Islam has two major denominations: Sunni and Shi’a. The Sunni believed that the right way of determining leadership was by following the practices of the Prophet and his followers. The Shi’a way of thinking, however, determined that leadership could only be determined by Allah alone.

Abbasids Dynasty


The Abbasid Dynasty is known as the Islamic Golden Age. It occurred in what we now know as Spain; there was much progression in the fields of medicine, art, and literature. The ruling people were Muslim, but other religions and practices were rather tolerated.

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